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*Editors' Note: As of January 2017, the Monthly Women's Health Research Review has been discontinued. Below are archived articles for your reference.

Study Evaluates Health Consequences for Women Provided, Denied Abortion Care

January 27, 2016

In this study, the researchers seek to "compar[e] the health consequences of having an abortion versus carrying an unwanted pregnancy to term." According to the authors, the "results reinforce the existing data on the safety of induced abortion when compared with childbirth, and highlight the risk of serious morbidity and mortality associated with childbirth after an unwanted pregnancy."

Study Examines Relationship Between Patients' Out-of-Pocket Costs and LARC Use

January 27, 2016

In this study, researchers look at how out-of-pocket costs affected patients' decision to use long-acting reversible contraceptive methods, and find that "out-of-pocket cost is a significant barrier to patient utilization" of LARC devices. They urge providers to "continue to help patients find affordable LARC placement whether through Title X programs, patient assistance programs, use of new lower-cost IUDs or others," while also continuing "to work toward lowering the costs of long-acting contraception and advocat[ing] for no-cost comprehensive coverage for all."

Editorial Reviews Meta-Analysis on Parent-Adolescent Communication About Sexual Activity, Contraception

January 27, 2016

In this editorial, researchers discuss a meta-analysis that "examines correlations between parent-adolescent sexual communication and adolescent use of contraceptives and condoms." The editorial "expand[s] on the findings" of the meta-analysis by "highlighting conceptual and methodological issues that bolster the effect and association of parent-adolescent communication on adolescent contraception and condom use."

Study: Women With Unintended Pregnancies More Likely To Report Depressive Symptoms in Later Life

January 27, 2016

In this study, researchers examined "the long-term mental health implications for mothers who bear children resulting from unplanned pregnancies." They found that women with unintended pregnancies self-reported depression more often than "women with mistimed pregnancies [or] only planned pregnancies," and "were also more likely to report having experienced a serious depressive episode."

LARC Training for Primary Care Necessary To Meet ACA Preventive Health Goals, Commentary States

November 24, 2015

In this commentary, the authors outline a model they created to teach primary care providers how to provide long-acting reversible contraception. They write that primary care providers must help provide contraceptive care "to realize the [Affordable Care Act's] promise to increase access to essential women's preventive services," and they urge primary care practices to offer such care and residency programs to consider including LARC provision in training programs.

Study Assesses Mental Health Diagnoses Three Years After Seeking Abortion Care

November 24, 2015

For this study, researchers examined rates of depression and anxiety among women in the three years following their decision to seek abortion care. According to the researchers, the findings affirm prior research showing that "abortion is not associated with adverse mental health outcomes" and "cal[l] into question the appropriateness of policies that mandate counseling of all women who obtain an abortion on the psychological effects that can accompany them."

Women Value Doula Care During Abortion Procedure, Study Finds

November 24, 2015

In this study, researchers examine why women appreciate doula care during an abortion despite no evidence of decreased discomfort or improved satisfaction with the experience. They find that women appreciated doulas' companionship and care during the abortion procedure. According to the researchers, "this study underscores the importance of providing women support during their abortion experience."

Commentary: Defunding Federal Family Planning Initiatives Would Have 'Catastrophic' Effects

November 24, 2015

In this commentary, the authors note that while "the nation seems to be on a path to universal coverage, with its strong protections for women's health," "complementary interventions" are needed to ensure that low-income women in medically underserved communities have access to care. The authors identify community health centers and Title X-funded family planning centers as integral women's health programs, and they detail how federal lawmakers' efforts to defund Planned Parenthood and Title X will harm women.

Study: Boosting Awareness of ACA's Expanded Contraceptive Coverage Is 'Essential' To Improve 'Use of Effective Contraception'

November 24, 2015

In this study, researchers assess privately insured women's awareness of the Affordable Care Act's contraceptive coverage benefits, which went into effect in 2012. They find that many women were unaware they could obtain long-acting reversible contraception at no cost under the ACA, and that nearly 1 in 5 would switch to a different method of birth control if cost was not an issue. The researchers concluded, "For the ACA contraceptive coverage mandate to affect the use of effective contraception, raising women's awareness of the expanded benefit is an essential first step."

IUDs, Contraceptive Implant Effectively Prevents Repeat Pregnancy Among Young Women, Study Finds

November 24, 2015

In this study, researchers examine the rates of discontinuation and repeat pregnancy among young women using postplacental intrauterine devices and postpartum contraceptive implants. The researchers find that young women tended to continue use of their chosen method, but they note that clinicians should emphasize the importance of follow-up care to IUD users because early postplacental IUD expulsion is relatively common and might not be recognized.

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